COVID & TB in India

In India in 2020 a national lockdown took place as a result of the first wave of COVID-19 infections. The trend being witnessed across the country suggested that a large number of cases of TB in India were going undetected, and many patients could be on the verge of disease progression.1Jyoti Shelar, Doctors fear disease progression, drug resistance in patients with delayed diagnosis, 2020, https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/mumbai/states-tb-notifications-dip-drastically/article31880116.ece

TB & COVID burden in India ©business-standard.com

TB & COVID burden In India ©business-standard.com

There were also beginning to be reports of COVID-19 causing a greater mortality in people already suffering from TB.2Stop TB Partnership

By April 2021 there are reports in India of the health service being overwhelmed by people dying of COVID.3"India COVID surge: Hospitals send SOS as record deaths registered", BBC, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-56870410 There are also begining to be reports of patients being unable to get treatment for TB.

I'm a TB patient and i'm 20 years old. I can't find any treatment because only corona situation in my country. No any doctors want to treat me please help.4Personal communication

The number of patients with COVID and the number of deaths from COVID in each state at the end of April 2021 is listed below. Also listed is the number of deaths in each state from TB in 2019.

State NamePopulation (Lakhs) (100,000)TB Deaths
1019
Cumulative COVID
Deaths
April 30th 2021
Andaman &
Nicobar Islands
3.925

67
Andhra Pradesh521.93585

7928
Arunachal Pradesh
16.264
59
Assam346.218401281
Bihar1224.329752480
Chandigarh11.6114
465
Chhattisgarh




295.416038312
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
& Daman & Diu



7.9254
Delhi187.9211115772
Goa15.4721146
Gujarat687.26870
7010
Haryana289.72809
4118
Himachal Pradesh74.38371460
Jammu & Kashmir146295
2253
Jharkhand387.61314
2540
Karnataka676.95605

15306
Kerala343.318285259
Ladakh23140
Lakshadweep0.7
24

Madhya Pradesh830.654855519
Maharashtra1241.4878567985
Manipur30.874
400
Meghalaya35.9186169
Mizoram12.54814
Nagaland20.7108100
Odisha458.427382029
Puducherry14.7116
793
Punjab296.328248909
Rajasthan786.647674084
Sikkim6.645146
Tamil Nadu803.75365
13933
Telangana372.223922261
Tripura39.3173396
Uttar Pradesh2287.81840912238
Uttarakhhand114.78942502
West Bengal989.65417
11248
India Total89823208330

The Need for a Better TB Vaccine

In 2021 the number of deaths from COVID-19 will massively exceed the number of deaths from TB. But in subsequent years the use of COVID-19 vaccines should mean that the number of deaths from COVID-19 will massively decline but the number of deaths from TB is likely to continue.

If a COVID-19 vaccine can be produced so quickly when will a new TB vaccine be developed?

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This page was last updated in May 2021.
Author Annabel Kanabus

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