Deaths from TB

How many people die from TB?

Just one death from TB ©Rochind

Just one death from TB ©Rochind

Many people die as a result of TB. The mortality from TB, that is the number of deaths, is that TB is the tenth leading cause of death worldwide.  TB is the leading cause from a single infectious agent, ranking above HIV/AIDS.

In 2019 an estimated 1.21 million people who were HIV negative died of TB.

In addition there were an estimated 208,000 deaths resulting from TB disease among people who were HIV positive.

So in 2019 there were an estimated total of 1,418,000 TB related deaths.

A single death from TB

is a tragedy for those people left behind. But it is also a terrible way to die.

Coronavirus deaths & impact

Policies widely adopted in response to the ongoing pandemic of Covid-19, particularly lockdowns and reassignments of health personnel and equipment, are having an impact on the performance of global TB detection and care programmes.

A global TB case detection decrease by an average 25% over a period of 3 months, (as compared to the level of detection before the pandemic) will lead to a predicted additional 190,000 TB deaths. This will bring the total predicted deaths from TB in 2020 to 1.66.million deaths. This is near the global level of TB mortality of 2015. This would be a serious setback in the progress towards the End TB targets.1.

Deaths in children

In 2019 an estimated 194,000 HIV negative children died from TB as well as an estimated 36,000 HIV positive children. So it is estimated that in total 230,000 children died from TB. This is greater than the number of children who died in 2018.

Most of these deaths could have been prevented with earlier diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

How many adults died from TB in 2019 in different parts of the world?

WHO RegionTotalHIV Negative TB Mortality
Male > 14 Years
HIV Negative TB Mortality
Female > 14 Years
HIV Positive TB Mortality
Male > 14 Years
HIV Positive TB Mortality
Female > 14 Years
Eastern Mediterranean64,43035,00027,0001,800630
South-East Asia552,900334,000201,00013,0004,900
Western Pacific67,98042,00020,0005,000980
Global Total1,185,190637,000374,90097,50075,790

How many children died from TB in 2019 in different parts of the world

WHO RegionTotalHIV Negative
TB Mortality Male 0-14 Years
HIV Negative
TB Mortality Female 0-14 Years
HIV positive
TB mortality Male 0-14 years
HIV positive
TB Mortality Female 0-14 Years
Eastern Mediterranean13,9597,3006,400139120
Europe77240035012 10
South-East Asia99,04052,00045,0001,100 940
Western Pacific
Global Total230,261104,27090,22019,491 16,280

TB deaths for "low burden" countries

The lowest rates, that is the countries least affected by TB are found mostly in high income countries. This includes most countries in Western Europe. In these countries the incident rate is less than 10 cases per 100,000 population per year.

Countries with a very low incident rate tend to have different aims with regard to TB, compared to the high incidence countries. For example with TB in the United States of America, the aim is the eradication of TB.

The deaths from TB in other "low burden" countries will be included here by request.

CountryHIV Negative TB MortalityHIV Positive TB MortalityPopulation (millions)
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland3103068
United States of America54071329

TB deaths for “high burden” countries

Of all the countries that report their TB statistics to the World Health Organisation (WHO), there are 22 countries that are referred to as the TB “high burden” countries.  These countries have been prioritized at a global level since 2000. In 2015 it was decided by WHO that the lists would be revised but that there would still be three lists. Each list would contain 30 countries. There is more about this on the TB high burden countries page.

The country with the highest estimated number of deaths is India with an estimated 436,000 deaths in HIV negative adults and 9,500 in HIV positive adults. This does though need to be considered in the context of India's very large population. There is more about TB in India. South Africa has the highest estimated number of HIV positive deaths. There is more about TB in South Africa. There is also more about TB in Pakistan and TB in Brazil.

The following is the estimated mortality from TB for each of the 30 countries in the main high TB burden list.

CountryHIV Negative TB Mortality HIV Positive TB MortalityPopulation (millions)
Central African Republic4,8003,1004,750
DPR Korea20,0006825,700
DR Congo43,00010,00086,800
Papua New Guinea4,500250
Russian Federation9,2001,300146,000
Sierra Leone2,6007007,810
South Africa21,00042,00058,600
UR Tanzania22,00016,00058,000
Viet Nam11,0002,20096,500

Page Updating

This page was last updated in May 2021.
Author Annabel Kanabus

Social Media & Website Linking

If you have found this page useful please tell other people about and if you have a website please link to us at

  1. Glaziou, P, "Predicted impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on global tuberculosis deaths in 2020,[]

Would you like to send us a comment about this page?

Major Sources for Deaths from TB